PREVENT MALARIA TO LIVE YOUR BEST
It is a fact that your best option in fighting Malaria is to avoid it. This is the number 1 and best arsenal to fight Malaria. But as you know very well nothing good comes easy. So it is with prevention of Malaria: you need to invest some quality efforts to win. There are many ways you can follow to achieve this aim. However in this article I will show you how to easily avoid Malaria without getting flat out.
Facts about Malaria
The world health organization (WHO) has reported the following key facts about Malaria. These are:
More than 200 million people caught malaria in the year 2015.
An estimate has shown that more than 400 thousand people died from Malaria in 2015.
The African region shoulders up to 90 per cent of the burden of Malaria and 92 percent of the deaths. This means most of the people who got infected with malaria and most that died from the disease live in Africa.
Most of the people that died from the disease are children under the age of five.
Are You At Risk of Catching The Disease?
Almost half of all the people living in this world are at risk of becoming victims of malaria. Africa is the main hub of malaria infection however other regions of the world also have malaria. These include South America, the Eastern Mediterranean, South – East Asia and the Western Pacific.
If you are a pregnant woman or a child your chances of suffering from malaria infection are high.
How Do You Get Infected With Malaria?
You can easily catch malaria when a female (Anopheles) mosquito bites you and injects a parasite (a tiny germ) into your body. The parasite is called Plasmodium. It multiplies in your blood and destroys your blood cells.
Symptoms of Malaria
Symptoms of malaria include fever, headache and chills. If you did not treat malaria on time you end up with complications such as anaemia (lack of blood) and other serious illness that may lead to death.
How to Prevent Malaria
You can effectively prevent malaria by avoiding the bite of mosquitoes and taking medications that protect.
- You can avoid the bites of mosquitoes by using insecticide- treated mosquito nets (ITNs). The WHO has recommended that you should sleep under the ITN every night. This will protect you from mosquitoes at the time they feed the most (night).
- You should also use insect repellent or insecticide to keep mosquitoes off from your body. Spraying insecticide indoors help to reduce the number of mosquitoes inside your homes thereby decreasing the rate of bites.
- Also you are advised to use suitable clothing that covers exposed parts of your body to protect from bites of mosquitoes. Example the arms, legs head and neck should be properly covered in the evenings while you sit outside the house.
- If you are pregnant you need to take anti- malaria drugs to prevent the infection. So also children below 5 years of age. The WHO recommends that children below 5 years of age should be given anti- malaria medicine every month. This should be done especially in seasons when malaria transmission is high.
- When you travel to countries where malaria infection is high you are advised to use malaria drugs to protect yourself from catching the disease.
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